Things To Know About Kumbh Mela: The Giant Festival Of Hinduism
ByMindstood Staff September 30, 2019
You all are aware that every famous city in the world is established beside the rivers. London is beside Thames and Paris is beside the Seine. In India, the most significant is the Ganges River or the Ganga River. Huge numbers of the holiest Indian urban areas developed along her banks. There are numerous fairs and celebrations held in and around the rivers, and among all the most significant and holiest is the "Kumbh Mela," the giant festival of Hinduism. Kumbh Mela has many fascinating facts that are worth knowing.
Here are the things that you should know about Kumbh Mela.
What is Kumbh Mela And Why Is It Celebrated?
There was a war between Gods and demons over the possession of elixir of life. From the Samudra Manthan, the nectar or elixir of life(Amrit) had been produced. According to the legend, a divine carrier flew to the spot and took away the nectar. While returning, the nectar spilled out into four places of the earth. Kumbh Mela is organized and celebrated in these four places. The places are:
Prayagraj(Triveni sangam of River Yamuna,Ganga and saraswati) in Uttarpradesh Which is known as Allahabad Kumbh mela or Prayagraj Kumbh Mela
Haridwar(River Ganga) in Uttarakhand Which is known as Haridwar kumbh Mela
Nasik(River Godavari) in Maharashtra Which is known as Nashik Kumbh Mela
Ujjain(River Kshipra) in Madhya Pradesh Which is known as Ujjain Simhastha
It is believed that when a person takes bath at Kumbh Mela in the river, s/he washes away all of the past sins of life.
Celebrated once in 12 years in one place
The Gods fought against the demons for twelve days. The divines twelve days is equal to twelve years for us, the human. This pilgrim is held in every three years in those four places meaning that each place celebrates the pilgrim after twelve years.
The Record Of Kumbh Mela
From when Kumbh Mela started in India is uncertain due to the lack of record. But a Chinese traveler, XuanZang mentioned in one of his notes about this pilgrim in 644 CE.
Magh Fair VS Kumbh Mela
Some ancient texts reveal that there used to be a fair named Magh fair at Allahabad, which is now named as Prayagraj. This Magh Fair though was not called as Kumbh Mela at those days, but it is regarded as the oldest fair. It could be the earlier version of Kumbh Mela.
Haridwar Is Considered To Be The Original
The Kumbh Mela at Haridwar is held as per the astrological sign of Aquarius. Haridwar is considered to be the original of this fair. Later, with the time being passed such a fair started taking place in those three areas as well.
The First Kumbh Mela
Hiuen Tsang wrote that the Emperor Harshavardhana or Harsa started the first Kumbh Mela at Prayagraj. About half a million people gathered on that occasion to take a bath in the river. Allahabad was the earlier name of Prayagraj. In the time of Emperor Harshavardhana or Harsa Allahmad of Allahabad’s name was Po-lo-ye-kia.
The Modern Era Of Kumbh Mela
In several verses of Purana, Magh Mela of Allahabad is mentioned. But the Kumbh Mela myth is recent and modern. In a report of 1868 by the British Reference, it was mentioned that ‘Coomb Fair’ supposed to be held in January 1870. In fact, it should be mentioned here that the Brahmin monks of Allahabad adapted the Megh Mela to Kumbh legend. It was the reason probably to increase the significance of Prayagraj.
Ardh Kumbh Mela
Ardh Kumbh Mela also takes place at Allahabad and Haridwar every six years between Maha Kumbh and Kumbh Mela.
The most fascinating element of the Kumbh Melas is different Akharas. An Akhara is a gathering of outfitted holy people. A few sources guarantee that it was Adi Shankara who built up the way of life of Akharas at Allahabad in the eighth century. Since the beginning of the Akhara culture, the equipped holy people of different Akharas have been battling about their matchless quality. Prior, there were just four fundamental Akharas, later these Akharas were separated into 13 principle Akharas; mostly of Shaiv, Vaishnav, and Udasin factions.
This Kumbh Mela brings economic benefits to India as travelers from different countries around the world visit every four years to witness such a huge gathering of a religious ceremony. This Kumbh Mela also opens door to many for new jobs as help booths are set up.
The Huge Gathering
Many Hindus gather in this fair to wash away their sins. Other religion people also gather on this occasion. Even this festival attracts many tourists. As it is too crowd, people lost their family members which were the scenario even in the early 80s Hollywood movies. But as now modern equipment and technologies are used like CC camera, people, especially the children are not lost. There are volunteers and help booths in this fairs which come forward to rescue if anyone faces any troubles.
Covered Festival for Foreign media
The kumbh mela is most attractive festival of Hinduism which is covered by Foreign media which brings Lot of Study about it.Every time a kumbh mela occurs, There are ample for foreign media gathers to cover this on their camera.In 2010, the Haridwar kumbh mela was featured in CBS news knows as "Sunday Morning"- A popular american morning show.Same Year,BBC also released a report on Kumbh meal named Kumbh mela-Greatest show on the earth.
India, a country with the multicultural origin, celebrates all religion and cultural celebration with enthusiasm. All Indian works together keeping hands all together in unity. The Kumbh Mela is also celebrated with enthusiasm and festive look. UNESCO gave Kumbh Mela as recognition of ‘Intangible Heritage’.