India is the most important diverse country in the world because of society, culture, language, manners, and etiquette. In this, we are going to discuss briefly the languages and culture in India.
Languages of India
In India, there are 29 states and 7 union territories has different languages and culture. In the year of 2010, the Gujarat High Court announced, Hindi is considered as an official language in India by the government because of lack of official language. According to Sapir “Language is a primarily human and non-instinctive method of communicating ideas, emotions, and desires by means of a system of voluntarily produced symbols.”In India, there are 22 languages spoken. The most commonly spoken languages are Bengali, Tamil, Gujarati, Hindi, Malayalam, Kannada, Marathi, Telugu, Urdu and Odia.
Characteristics of Language
There are mainly some fundamental characteristics of language such as
Language symbolic in nature
the symbolic language used for the construct of symbols and sounds. Some of the symbols have a separate meaning for their own words and based on the culture of people utilizes the language. According to this, the important language of symbol is considered as the word.
Language is Social
the basic set of the communicative signals used by the human being for the purpose of communication done in the community. It also can exist in society for the establishment of developing the culture and nourishing in the relationship of humans.
Culture in India
In India, there are thousands of distinct and unique culture based on the communities and religion. Many years ago, Indian culture is considered one of the worlds oldest followed by people. Accordingly, it also has unique traditions and customs in the world.
Based on the culture there are some interesting facts in the Indian Customs and traditions followed,
There are so many festivals celebrated all over in India, based on a prevalence of the group of people and the religion in diverse. Based on the various religious people live in India, Christians celebrate Christmas, Muslims celebrate Eid whereas Hindus Celebrate Holi, Diwali, Makar Sankranti, Buddhists celebrate their Buddha god birthday on the time of Buddha Poornima.
According to Hindu culture, fasting is considered as an integral part for the purpose of expressing the gratitude to Gods. Based on the festive occasions the people fasts. Some of the people fast once in a week for their favorite God and Goddess. The word derives from the Vedic ritual in order to sacrifice.
During older days in India, the people live in a big family which includes the wife, parents, relatives, and children. And also it helps to overcome the stress and pressure. The work in the joint family can be divided and can be done in a short interval of time in a wholehearted manner.